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Conservation Information Network (BCIN)
Author: Craddock, Paul T.
Title Article/Chapter: "The composition of the copper alloys used by the Greek, Etruscan and Roman civilizations. 3. The origins and early use of brass"
Title of Source: Journal of the archaeological science
AATA Number: 15-1658
Volume Number: 5
Issue Number: 1
Date of Publication: 1978
Page Numbers: 1-16
Language Text: English
Ancillary Data: N. 1 -- ICCROM
Subject Keywords English: Brass, examination test; Brass, history; Brass, metallurgy; Bronze, arsenic; Bronze, history; Bronze, zinc; Metal, history; Metal, metallurgy; Copper, history; Zinc, history; Zinc, metallurgy; Zinc, ore -- ICCROM
Subject Keywords French: Laiton, examen essai; Laiton, histoire; Laiton, metallurgie; Bronze, arsenic; Bronze, histoire; Bronze, zinc; Metal, histoire; Metal, metallurgie; Cuivre, histoire; Zinc, histoire; Zinc, metallurgie; Zinc, minerai
Subject Label: Analysis, Treatment, and Techniques: Metals
Abstract: Intentional production of brass began in the 1st millenium B.C., probably in Asia Minor. By the 7th century B.C. the Greeks knew of it, but very few Greek Cu alloys and only two Etruscan ones contain Zn. Brass was made by the cementation process in Rome in the 1st century B.C. and used first for coins and later for ornamental metalwork. By the 3rd century A.D. a third of all Roman Cu alloys are brass, many containing small amounts of Pb and Sn in addition to Zn. In the Renaissance and later European literature, the terms bronze and brass are often confused; Johnson defines bronze as brass in his Dictionary (1755). Analyses of Roman brasses will be published in a subsequent paper. -- AATA
Originating Institution: ICCROM
Location of Document: ICCROM;MCI
ICCROM Shelf: Per. grande-bretagne 33
MCI Accession Number: 3821
Record Type: Abstract
Literature Type: Serial
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Old BCIN Number: 15184
BCIN Number: 13829