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Author: Herm, Christoph; Thieme, Cristina; Emmerling, Erwin; Wu, Yon Qi; Zhou, Tie;Zhang, Zhijun
Editor: Vincenzini, P.
Title Article/Chapter: "Analysis of painting materials of the polychrome terracotta army of the first emperor Qin Shi Huang"
Title of Source: The ceramics cultural heritage: proceedings of the international symposium "The Ceramics Heritage" of the 8th CIMTEC-World Ceramics Congress and Forum on New Materials, Florence, Italy, June 28-July 2, 1994
Title of Series: Monographs in materials and society; 2
Publisher/Distributor: TECHNA
Publisher/Distributor Address: P.O. Box 174
Publisher/Distributor City: Faenza
Publisher/Distributor Country: Italy
AATA Number: 33-1438
Date of Publication: 1995
Page Numbers: 675-684
Collation: 5 figs., 2 tables
ISBN: 88-86538-01-4
Language Text: English
Language Summaries: English
References: 10 bibliog. refs.
Meeting Name: CIMTEC-World ceramics congress and forum on new materials (8)
Meeting Country: Italy
Meeting Date: 19940628-19940702
Subject Keywords English: Sculpture; Terracotta; Polychrome; Paint layer; Pigment; Analysis; Oriental lacquer -- ICCROM
Subject Keywords French: Sculpture; Terre-cuite; Polychromie; Couche picturale; Pigment; Analyse; Laque orientale;
Subject Keywords English 2: apatite; Asian; binders; binding media; China; East Asian; Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy; infrared spectroscopy; lacquer; minerals pigment; polychrome; polychromy; Qin; sculpture; solubility; spectroscopy terracotta -- AATA
Subject Geog Name English: China; Lintong
Subject Geog Name French: Chine; Lintong
Subject Label: Ceramics; glass; and enamels; Paint and paintings;
Subject Material: Urushi
Abstract: The pigments in the covering layer of the polychromy of the terracotta sculptures from Lintong, People's Republic of China were found to be mainly natural minerals. In addition, the artists had used apatite and an artificial purple pigment (BaCuSi2O6). Microchemical test reacti ons and Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy characterized the binding medium of the ground layer of the polychromy. The authors identified East Asian lacquer (Qi-shu, urushi) as the main component of the ground layers. The samples for spectroscopy, prepared by a special method of extraction, made it possible to show that water-soluble contents of the ground layer had migrated into the neighboring layers of terracotta, the covering layer, and the soil during 2,000 years of deposition in the ground.
Originating Institution: ICCROM
Location of Document: ICCROM
Record Type: Abstract
Literature Type: Monograph
Bibliographic Level: Analytic
Old BCIN Number: 220555
BCIN Number: 161105