Notice "The properties of hair spray as a fixative for pastel and charcoal on paper"

  • Walton, Ainsley
Organisme auteur
  • Queen's University. Department of art
Titre de la source
The properties of hair spray as a fixative for pastel and charcoal on paper
Queen's University
Ville de l'éditeur / distributeur
Pays de l'éditeur / distributeur
Date de publication
ca. 100 p. in various pagings : tables ; 28 cm.
Langue du texte
Langues du résumé
Références bibliographiques
ca. 15 bibliog. refs.
Queen's University
Lieu d'université
Kingston, Canada
Niveau du diplôme
Master of art conservation
Mots clés anglais-sujet
  • Drawing
  • Pastel
  • Charcoal
  • Support paper
  • Fixative
  • Test
  • Sample
  • Ultraviolet
  • Accelerated ageing
  • Black pigment
  • White pigment
  • Red pigment
  • Colour change
  • Discolouration
  • Examination
  • Fourier infrared spectroscopy
  • Colourimetry
  • Evaluation
Mots clés français-sujet
  • Dessin
  • Pastel
  • Fusain
  • Support papier
  • Fixatif
  • Essai
  • Echantillon
  • Ultraviolet
  • Vieillissement accéléré
  • Pigment noir
  • Pigment blanc
  • Pigment rouge
  • Changement de couleur
  • Décoloration
  • Examen
  • Spectroscopie infrarouge fourier
  • Colorimétrie
  • Evaluation
Many artists who create drawings with friable or powdery media, such as chalk, pastel and charcoal, choose to use hairspray as an inexpensive alternative to commercially available art fixatives. The physical properties and ageing characteristics of hair sprays, which have been applied to art on paper, have not been thoroughly investigated. In this project, the effects of hair sprays on media and paper before and after exposure to ultraviolet light have been investigated. Using test samples of coloured pastels on paper and charcoal on paper, sample sets were treated with one of several brands of inexpensive hairspray or artists' fixatives. The products tested were: Adorn hairspray, Aquanet Fresh Scent hairspray, Aquanet Unscented hairspray, Finesse hairspray, Lady Classic hairspray, White Rain hairspray, Winsor and Newton artists' fixative and Krylon workable art fixative. The samples were analysed with a colorimeter after drying. Sample sets were then artificially aged through exposure to prolonged levels of ultraviolet light. Changes in colour and gloss over time were assessed using the colorimeter. The components of the hairsprays and artists' fixatives were assessed using Fourier transform infrared spectroscopy (FTIR). Results show that the hairsprays tested may serve as adequate fixatives for pastel as they do not appear to have any deleterious effects when compared to the commercial art fixatives tested, and appear to prevent light-induced fading of fugitive pigments and coloured papers. These results will help artists to make an informed choice when choosing to apply hair sprays as a fixatives to their works.
Établissement d'origine
Emplacement du document
Kingston report 304
Type de document
Level Niveau bibliographique
Numéro BCIN
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